The hottest former coal boss, the leader of today'

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The former "coal boss" is the pacesetter of today's energy revolution, Shanxi Pathfinder energy system and mechanism reform

"do not be the coal boss, and strive to be the pacesetter of the energy revolution." At the 2018 Taiyuan energy low carbon development forum held here a few days ago, this formulation of Shanxi, a major coal province, attracted high attention from people in the energy field at home and abroad. The interview found that Shanxi has become a "test field" for the reform of the national energy system and mechanism by actively reducing coal and constantly promoting the energy revolution

on the opening day of the Taiyuan energy low carbon development forum, the "13th five year plan for comprehensive energy development in Shanxi Province (Revised Version)" just expired. Compared with the plan two years ago, the revised version released a clear "coal reduction" signal:

energy supply: by 2020, Shanxi's coal output will be changed from "controlled within 1 billion tons" previously expressed to "basically stable at about 900 million tons"

in terms of energy consumption: by 2020, the total energy consumption of Shanxi will be well selected, and the standard control target of the machine head will be reduced from 227 million tons of standard coal to 224 million tons of standard coal, and the proportion of coal in primary energy consumption will be reduced to 80%

power installed capacity: by 2020, the target of Shanxi coal power installed capacity will be reduced from "striving to reach 92million kW" to 72million kW

Shanxi is an important energy base in China. For a period, it "lit half of the lights in the country and heated half of the Kang in North China". From the founding of new China to 2015, Shanxi has produced 17 billion tons of raw coal, accounting for one quarter of the country, and the outward transfer volume is more than 11 billion tons, accounting for three quarters of the inter provincial commercial coal outward transfer volume, which is the cornerstone of ensuring national energy security

however, after long-term high-intensity coal mining, Shanxi has gradually formed an industrial structure of "one coal dominating", and the proportion of coal in the province's primary energy consumption has been around 85% for a long time. The deep-seated contradictions and problems in the development of resource-based economy have become increasingly prominent

Han Wenke, director of the Energy Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission, believes that in the future, the new energy demand will mainly rely on clean energy supply, and China's coal consumption will enter a relatively significant decline period from 2020. It is estimated that by 2030 and 2050, the proportion of coal in primary energy may fall to less than 50% and 30%

at the same time, driven by the coal supply side structural reform focusing on reducing production capacity, reducing production and increasing the proportion of advanced production capacity, Shanxi has gradually formed a consensus on coal development of "reduction, excellence and green" in the past two years, with the word "reduction" at the forefront, becoming a prominent feature

provide "Shanxi practice" for the energy revolution.

Coal reduction is not complete coal removal. The clean and efficient utilization of coal has become an important breakthrough for the transformation of BASF global vice president Lou Jianfeng in Shanxi

from the unpopular high sulfur and low-quality coal more than 600 meters underground to the bright and transparent oil like mineral water, the value of coal has increased 30 times. This magical process of "coal into oil" is the demonstration project of Lu'an Group with an annual output of 1.8 million tons of high sulfur coal, clean utilization, oilization, electrothermal integration

Liu Junyi, deputy general manager of Lu'an Group, said that through technological innovation, coal has changed from fuel to raw material, which can become the base oil of aviation oil, can also become a substitute for imported high-end lubricating oil, and even can be the high-end wax inside the paper cup. Coal pimples that used to be "sold by ton" can now be "sold by kilogram" and "sold by gram"

many grass-roots officials in Shanxi found that after jumping out of the dependence on coal ideologically, the advantages of new energy are also rich. In Datong, the "coal city" in the north of Shanxi Province, the local government has taken the city's efforts to implement the ice breaking action of high-end energy manufacturing. In the spring of this year, 69 new energy projects including solar energy and biomass energy were launched. It is estimated that by 2020, the proportion of Datong new energy will increase from the current 13% to 50% and continue to jump

the new momentum in the energy sector is accelerating. Shanxi folk song sings, "one finger of the left hand is Taihang, and one finger of the right hand is Luliang." Now, "there is Baidu in Taihang Mountain and Huawei in Luliang Mountain." Many coal cities in Shanxi have made efforts to transform the big data industry. Luliang, the former "coal town", now relies on the advantages of climate, resources, location and so on. It has successively cooperated with the National University of defense technology and Huawei to introduce major projects such as "tianhe-2" supercomputer group and Huawei cloud computing. A number of big data application enterprises have settled in Luliang. Last year, the proportion of non coal industries in the added value of industries above Designated Size in Luliang increased from 35% in 2013 to 49%

the "experimental field" of energy system and mechanism reform

Shanxi, known as the "coal boss", actually ranks third in the country in coal reserves. Coalbed methane, which is accompanied by coal resources, is a rare clean energy, and its reserves rank first in the country. However, for a long time, limited by the energy system and mechanism, the output of coalbed methane in Shanxi has grown slowly

this year, Shanxi issued an implementation plan to deepen the reform of coalbed methane (natural gas) system, established coalbed methane exploration blocks, and then started the open competitive transfer system of tensile testing machine at a fixed speed. 10 coalbed methane exploration blocks were publicly sold by means of bidding, realizing the market-oriented allocation of coalbed methane resources for the first time in the country. At the same time, the withdrawal mechanism of coalbed methane mining rights has been established, and coalbed methane blocks that are less than the statutory minimum exploration investment requirements have been reduced. Last year, the exploration area has been reduced by more than 1390 square kilometers

Shanxi is also the first pilot province of comprehensive power system reform in the national power system. At present, Shanxi has completed the reform of transmission and distribution electricity price, approved the characteristic electricity price standard of transmission and distribution 1. Relaxation experimental machine in the first supervision period of Shanxi power, and reduced the burden of 1.578 billion yuan for users. 1074 electricity market entities of various types have been registered in the province, and the direct trading electricity has increased significantly, and the Shanxi electricity market system has initially taken shape

the main responsible comrades of Shanxi province put forward that building a pacesetter in the energy revolution has become a high consensus across the province. In the future, we will focus on improving the level of green and safe production of coal, promoting the clean and efficient utilization of coal, promoting the increase of storage and production of Coalbed methane, promoting the quality improvement and development of new energy industry, adjusting and optimizing the energy consumption structure, exploring disruptive technological breakthroughs in energy, and accelerating the reform of key links of energy, Expand key areas and key links such as opening up and cooperation in the energy sector, continue to work hard and take the lead in solving problems

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